IntroductiontoChemical Engineer Profession What are Chemical Engineers?“Chemi

IntroductiontoChemical Engineer Profession What are Chemical Engineers?“Chemical engineers” use math, physical sciences (physics, chemistry), life sciences (biology, microbiology and biochemistry), and economics to solve practical problems. The difference between chemical engineers and other types of engineers is that they apply a knowledge of chemistry in addition to other engineering disciplines. Chemical engineers may be called “universal engineers” because their scientific and technical mastery is so extensive. History of Chemical EngineeringBefore 18th Century:Industrial chemicals were mainly produced through batch processing.Industrial Revolution (1700-1800):Industrial production shifted from batch tocontinuous processing. History of Chemical EngineeringChE Principles:1805 – John Dalton published Atomic Weights, allowing chemical equations to be balanced and the basis for chemical engineering mass balances.1824 – Sadi Carnot was the first to study the thermodynamics of combustion reactions.1850 – Rudolf Clausius applied the principles developed by Carnot to chemical systems at the atomic to molecular scale. History of Chemical EngineeringChE Principles:1873 to 1876 – Josiah Willard Gibbs developed a mathematical-based, graphical methodology, for the study of chemical systems using the thermodynamics of Clausius.1882 – Hermann von Helmholtz showed that measure of chemical affinity is determined by the measure of the free energy of the reaction process.1883 – Osborne Reynolds defines the dimensionless group for fluid flow, leading to practical scale-up and understanding of flow, heat and mass transfer History of Chemical EngineeringChE Education:1882 – a course in “Chemical Technology” is offered at University College London.1885 –a course in “chemical engineering” is offered at Central College (later Imperial College), London.1888 –a new curriculum at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) started: Course X, Chemical Engineering. Course X at MIT: “to meet the needs of students who desire a general training in mechanical engineering, and at the same time to devote a portion of their time to the study of the applications of chemistry to the arts, especially to those engineering problems which relate to the use and manufacture of chemical products.” History of Chemical EngineeringChE Institutes:1908 – the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE) is founded.1922 – the UK Institution of Chemical Engineers (IChemE) is founded.1996 – the Thailand Institute of Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry (TiChE) is founded. A Century of ChE ProfessionWhat are the great accomplishmentsdo we come up with? TOP 10 Chemical EngineeringContribution to Society AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERS, 2010 TOP 10 Chemical EngineeringContribution to SocietyFUELING THE WORLD’S ECONOMIES
The world’s economy needs energy to keep it moving.
Chemical engineers stretch fossil fuels into various energy supplies, e.g. gasoline, diesel, jet oil, etc.
AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERS, 2010 TOP 10 Chemical EngineeringContribution to Society2. CREATING CLEANER ENERGYChemical engineers are creating a new generation of clean energy technologies.Nuclear power plant
NiMH battery
Alternative energies such as Air , Wind, Water, Solar, etc.
AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERS, 2010 NiMH battery for vehicles Air for vehicles TOP 10 Chemical EngineeringContribution to SocietyPRODUCTS FOR GROWING POPULATIONSWater purification
Water desalination
GMO foods
Green productions
AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERS, 2010 TOP 10 Chemical EngineeringContribution to SocietyREMOVING HARMFUL SULFUR FROM FUELS
AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERS, 2010 TOP 10 Chemical EngineeringContribution to Society5. BETTER LIVING THROUGH CHEMISTRYChemical engineers have made plastics possible. AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERS, 2010 http://www.bmw-security-vehicles.com TOP 10 Chemical EngineeringContribution to Society6. STRETCHING NATURAL RESOURCESChemical engineers make innovative materials.Synthetic rubbers
Bio-plastics
Kevlar
etc.
AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERS, 2010 Kevlar Vests TOP 10 Chemical EngineeringContribution to Society7. LARGE SCALE PRODUCTION ENGINEERINGEven if a product was created by a scientist, there is a good chance it was perfected and made practical by chemical engineers. AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERS, 2010 Penicillin Discovery In 1929, Sir Alexander Fleming discovered a strain of mould that inhibit bacteria Straphylococus growth, called penicillin. TOP 10 Chemical EngineeringContribution to Society8. CONVENIENT & ABUNDANT FOODWhen popping your favorite ready-to-eat meal in the microwave, thank chemical engineers!Processed food, canned food
Powder coffee, Powder milk
Sterilized food
AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERS, 2010 TOP 10 Chemical EngineeringContribution to Society9. HEALING DISEASES & EXTENDING LIFEChemical engineering has advanced medical science, improving the quality of life and saving millions of lives. AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERS, 2010 Dialysis (Artificial Kidneys) www.kidneycaregroup.com TOP 10 Chemical EngineeringContribution to Society10. POWERING THE PERSONAL COMPUTERThe tools chemical engineers use to improve computers may have long-winded names, but their advances make our gadgets all the more powerful.Germanium-based silicon chips that help your laptop perform faster.
From thin-film liquid crystal displays to software that simulates complex industrial processes.
AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERS, 2010 Chemical Engineers in Action Energy
Environment
Material Sciences
Semiconductor Manufacturing
Bio-medic
Food
Jobs Opportunity for ChE ChE Salaries Survey (by AIChE in 2013)Salaries vary with experience ($67,000 for chemical engineers with fewer than six years of experience to about $140,000 for those with more than 30 years).
Other factors, including age, gender, education, job function, and industry, were also examined for their impact on chemical engineers’ paychecks.
The variables having the largest impact on salaries are years of work experience, time with current employer, and time taken off for family reasons.
Requirements: Water purification

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